Leather Hides UK Ltd
© Copyright 2011 all rights reserved Leather Hides UK Ltd
The History of Leather Page 2
Full Grain & Corrected Leather
As a rule the cleaner the surface of the hide, the more the natural the look of the leather can be preserved
through the sparse use of dyes and pigments.
Often leather is printed or plated to produce a special effect or even enhance an already
However, it is rare for a hide to be completely free of defects, indeed many prefer some of these to be seen as they
serve to add character to the leather. Often though the surface of the hide is too rough to use as it is. It then has to be buffed
(or corrected with prints or embossed) and pigments more heavily applied to create a cleaner surface.
The thickness of
hides before tanning can vary significantly. To obtain a uniform substance the hides are fed through a splitting machine. This yields
a grain portion and an underneath flesh layer that is called a split. Splits need heavy pigmenting and plating (printing or embossing)
to provide a clean surface and so has less of the natural look of a grain leather.
Suede is made predominantly from good
quality split which is buffed into a fine napp that gives it the familiar velvety look. A similar process is sometimes used on grain
leather which can produce an ultra fine sueded finish commonly called nubuck
Vegetable & Chrome Leather
The tanning process more commonly
involves the soaking of hides in alkaline chrome salts to preserve them from decay. Sometimes vegetable based tanning agents are used
instead. This creates a less dense and more rigid feel but provides a more traditional look to the leather. It also allows for easier
crafting and embossing. Vegetable tanned leathers are used mainly in the bridle and leather goods trades.
Leather Hides UK. Ltd
26 Aycliffe Drive
Tel:- 01772 457 338
Mob:- 07707 868 384
Company registration No. 06940048